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PDF | The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa is a book written by Sir Fredrick Lugard (the first colonial Governor General of Nigeria). It forms or constructs. Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard GCMG, CB, DSO, PC (22 January – 11 April ), known as Sir Frederick Lugard . Lugard’s The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa was published in and discussed indirect. Born to an English family in India in , Frederick Lugard rose to His The Dual Mandate, first published in , became a handbook for all.

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The colonial army had a clash with the locals in Satiru a village who were resisting colonial occupation. The subaltern, in this case, is already marginalized due to lack of access to discourse.

While the colonial subject is here materially as a contemporary, he is seen in terms of construction that dates him far back in time in terms of evolutionary calendar. This use and its impact will be analyzed in the aspect of otherization and chronological distancing of the subaltern.

The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, by Frederick John Dealtry Lugard (1965)

The Poetics and the Politics of Exhibiting other Cultures. The chiefs were expected to transmit these received instructions to the indigenous people and see to their implementation. This surveillance accords objectivity and ocular prowess to them and places the object as “knowable, visible objects of disciplinary power” Doty InDal was dispatched by the Royal Niger Company to Borguwhere he secured treaties with the kings and chiefs who acknowledged the sovereignty of the British company, while reducing the influence of other colonial powers.

Quite in duzl with the Lacanian other and the gaze of the child, the colonial subject gains their identity and image from the mirror held by colonial discourse and authority. This shall be discussed later.


She died in January ; Lugard survived her by sixteen years and died on 11 Aprilaged During this period he served first on the Temporary Slavery Commission and was involved in organising the Slavery Convention.

Dual Mandate, Africa |

This often involves a covering of tracks. Nominalization is a very powerful option in the presentation of information. Fabian argues that that use of personal pronoun like ‘he’ or ‘she’ or ‘it’ presents people as outside and not spoken to but posited or predicated as that which contrasts with the personness of the participants in the dialogue. According to Downing and Locke the present tense is the unmarked tense which cognitively expresses situations which have immediate reality, i.

While administering Uganda, he mandaet round the Rwenzori Mountains to Lake Edwardmapping a large area of the country. Cognitive priming helps in the formation of language into beliefs and knowledge. It happens as if the objects signal their own description and prescription without any form of agent mediation.

Language and power 2nd ed. Here the most pertinent disciplines are ethnography and historical linguistics, and it is the latter that seems to have provided what will look, at least for a while, like a real beginning, the first encounter. Modifiers here are used as a form of creating distinction and difference. In character and temperament the typical African of this race-type is a happy, thriftless, excitable person, lacking in self-control, discipline, and foresight, naturally courageous, and naturally courteous and polite, full of personal vanity, with little sense of veracity, fond of music, and “loving weapons as an oriental loves jewelry.

Retrieved March 3,from The Toynbee convector, https: InBritish control over the whole protectorate was made possible by a successful campaign against the emir of Kano and the sultan of Sokoto. As theorized by Lugard, the native authority retained, as much as possible, its traditional powers and character.


Hart sees Critical Discourse Analysis CDA as a particular form of discourse analysis which, in one perspective at least, seeks to disclose the ideological and persuasive properties of text and talk which might not be immediately apparent without the assistance of a systemized descriptive framework such as a grammar or typology.

Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. In the analysis, the black is clearly objectified, but the tools of this objectification are shown to be faultless through the manipulation of language. They have a fascination of their own, for we are dealing with the child races of the world, and learning at first hand the habits and customs of primitive man…. A Concise History of Hong Kong. As we can see from the composition of the chapter below from the bookit involves a lot of representations and classifications: The same gaze and surveillance is used by the colonialists in reporting and describing the colonized.

The Rulers of British Africa — 1st ed. The history of these peoples of tropical Africa, except on the coast fringe, has during the ages prior to the advent of European explorers some sixty years ago been an impenetrable mystery.

Modern Language Association http: An essay in reading the archives. In Northern Nigeria, Lugard permitted slavery within traditional elite families. In the African Lakes Company set up a base in Karonga to exchange ivory for trade goods from these Swahili merchants.

Language as ideology 2nd ed.