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Frailejones – Espeletia pycnophylla and fog, Páramo El Ángel / Thomas van Hengstum, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA Páramo El Ángel in Ecuador is characteristic example of such ecosystems – here thousands of frailejones are rising up to 10 m tall. These ecosystems have. Search for: Search for: Futurity is your source of research news from leading universities. About Futurity · Universities · Science · Health · Culture · Environment. M Espeletia pycnophylla Cuatrec. is an accepted name. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Espeletia (family Compositae). The record.

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Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua. The geographical and paleogeographical estimates evidenced a conspicuous process of reduction and fragmentation of the distribution area of E. Near the park has been found the extremely rare Puya angelensishere grows the amazing Puya clava-herculis with unusual blue flowers, Puya hamata.

You have entered an incorrect email address! Espeletia pycnophylla is the most common frailejone in Ecuador. Two of these subspecies grow in Colombia, one — Espeletia pycnophylla ssp. John Lateran Architectural wonders December 28, These lakes contain sulphur and other chemicals emitted by the springs of this volcanic region — this gives a characteristic green espeleia to the water. Santa Maria della Salute, Venice. We suggest that these results support possible scenarios pucnophylla vicariance events, which allow us to approach the divergence of these populations in terms of their historic biogeographic relations.

The flowers are usually yellow, similar to daisies. The three populations showed significant differences in leaf morphometry and a positive correlation between the matrices of morphometric and geographic dissimilarities, indicating that the inter-population divergence increases between further populations, so that the morphometric structure reflects their spatial distribution. In these harsh conditions has developed very special ecosystem.


Several simple petroglyphs have been found here depicting simple symbols — such as the Sun, monkey and some more. Many plants have developed very soft, “plumy” leaves and flowers. Thus each plant manages to keep the temperature of its stem above zero even in strong, chilly winds.

Frailejones, Espeletia pycnophylla, Asteraceae

Libanothamnus Ernst Tamania Cuatrec. The trunk is thick, with succulent hairy leaves disposed in a dense spiral pattern. We boarded the hypothesis that three populations of Espeletia pycnophylla show phenotypic divergence as one of the possible implications of their geographic isolation in the Southern Colombian Andes.

While many baby boomers are downsizing to a simpler retirement lifestyle, photographer and writer Judy Blankenship and her husband Michael Jenkins took a more challenging leap in deciding to build a house on the side of a mountain in southern Ecuador.

Frailejones, Espeletia pycnophylla, Asteraceae | Andreas Kay | Flickr

Some of these plants have not been found anywhere else — such as the bromeliad Puya angelensis E. This page was last edited on 27 Augustat It is flowering with numerous yellow flowers. Home About Wondermondo Contact. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Please enter your comment! These bromeliads grow pycnophyla to to 4 m high.

Plant has healing properties. These stands are formed of single species — Espeletia pycnophylla ssp. The moist climate turns this all into a soaked sponge. Espeletiacommonly known as ‘frailejones’, is a genus of perennial subshrubs, in the sunflower family. This plant grows only some 2.

Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Commons category link from Wikidata. Map could not eapeletia loaded – please enable Javascript! In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

The old leaves do not fall off — they eseletia the stem and allow development of new roots along the stem.

Species diversity here is much higher than in the temperate moorlands of the world — but much lower than in the nearby tropical rainforests. Please enter your name here.


Strong and chilly winds are very common. This frailejone has very soft, pubescent leaves. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Espeletia. The phenotypic structure within and between plant populations is generally influenced by their distribution patterns in space and time; therefore, the study of their divergence is a central issue for the understanding of their microevolutive processes.

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The Espeletia is well known for contributing to the world in water sustainability by capturing water vapor from passing clouds in its spongy trunk and releasing it through the roots into the soil [ citation needed ]thus helping to create vast high-altitude subterranean water deposits and lakes that will eventually form rivers.

In total in this genus are some 45 — species, ptcnophylla growing in the Andes of Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador. Sunday, December 30, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Six greatest cathedrals of Italy and four more.

Paramo El Angel – eerie land of frailejones

We used the Elliptic Fourier Descriptors leaf shape and traditional leaf morphometry leaf size of leaves to measure inter and intra-population espeleia and a comparison between a paleogeographic reconstruction with an actual estimate of the distribution areas of E. The climate here is moist — the warmed air mases from the Pacific become cold here and the moisture precipitates on the mountains.

This plant has several subspecies. Unique ecosystem In these harsh conditions has developed very special ecosystem. In the northern part of the reserve, at 3, m height are located three small lakes, each with a diameter of some m. Retrieved from ” https: